We all know that clean water is very essential to human health. But apart from that known fact, clean water also impacts everything. It can transform lives especially in the impoverished areas. It can boost economic development by improving health in the community and empowering the lives of the people living in it. Children can access their rights to proper education and good nutrition and women can take jobs for their family aside from fetching clean water all day. If a community provides adequate and more accessible water supply, citizens can be more productive and there would be less expense for transportation and medical.
Safety and clean water is not just important to a family’s health but for the public health as well. Polluted or contaminated water can threaten all these positive effects that may be beneficial to society. Unfit water can transmit diseases such as hepatitis, cholera and diarrhea. These can be results of inadequate clean water supply that may cause poor hygiene and improper sanitation. Health care facilities should keep and maintain clean water to cure their patients and not threaten them with further infections. In addition, agricultural and industrial sectors should be responsible of their waste to prevent spreading pollution to water that is consumed by the community. A simple hand washing can be of good use in preventing water-related diseases. The basic act of cleaning, covering and maintaining all water storages at home is a way of prevention.
Though there is still adequate supply of water for now, there are certain challenges that may threaten the water supply systems. Population growth, urbanization, pollution and climate change are some of the threats to water scarcity. The population of the world never stopped growing and the need for water has tripled and will continue to do so in the coming years. With the practice of the present generation to wasting water, the pressure on water adequacy is at risk. Urbanization and commercialization has done tremendous improvement to towns and cities.
Natural resources that provide water are damaged and altered to modernization. Pollution in water, land and air also contributes to water shortage. Grease discharges from factories and radioactive waste from mining can jeopardize the water. Climate change has brought in a lot of changes in the overall condition of the earth. Typhoons and drought have started setting in resulting to reparations in biodiversity. Poor supply of clean water will have remarkable effects on health, hunger, poverty and education.